Psychological Models of Team Dynamics
There are many models used to describe team dynamics. Many of them describe the psychological aspects of group dynamics, such as:
- Group dynamics (Lewin) which considers how people interact and the common perceptions that arise within a group.
- Psychoanalysis (Freud and Bion) which is concerned with the (natural) defensive behaviours of team members.
- FIRO/Human Elements (Schutz) which considers the compatibility between people using behaviours of inclusion, control, openness, and how those behaviours relate to inner feelings of significance, competence, and likeability.
- The Tuckman model considers four stages of development for a team - forming, storming, norming, and performing.
- Team Roles such as MTR-i or Belbin examine how team performance is related to nine psychological roles taken by different team members.
- Personality type theories, such as Myers Briggs, Disc, Herrmann Brain Dominance, consider how the different preferences of team members affect their interactions and team performance.
- Team Islands and In/Out groups, showing how sub-teams can form as a result of members having different characteristics or being separated by a geographical boundary.