Definitions of Leadership and Management
There is an essential difference between leadership and management which is captured in these definitions:
- Leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow, ie: a leader is the spearhead for that new direction.
- Management controls or directs people/resources in a group according to principles or values that have been established.
There is much more to these definitions than may at first appear. Albert Einstein said that everything should be made as simple as possible but no simpler. However, it is an oversimplification to think that leaders lead and followers follow, because the relationship between leadership, management, and followers is a complex one. Also, leadership and management are often part of the same role because there is a continual adjustment of the direction (leadership) and controlling resources to achieve that direction (management). We can see the difference more clearly by looking at some examples - of leadership without management, and management without leadership.
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