How ESTJs can develop


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The development of personality occurs in phases throughout life. For someone who is young, the main task is to develop use of their preferred mental functions. As one matures, however, and approaches midlife, there is often a need to develop greater comfort with using your non-preferences. This can help you increase your performance at work, and increase your ability to deal with different people and circumstances.

Midlife development

As with all types, an ESTJ can achieve personal growth by developing those functions that are not fully developed, through actions such as taking time to consider the impact of your approach and ideas on people's feelings, expressing appreciation towards others, and consulting others more. You can engender more ownership of the solution in the team if they realise you value their own contributions and incorporate their views into collective decision making. You may need to learn to acknowledge and accept the positive role that can be played by your own emotions, and also work within your own and other people's limitations rather than expecting them to be fully competent all the time.


A common theme of development for all types after midlife is individuation. This involves learning to value and develop various "opposites", not just the opposite typological preferences. Through reconciling opposites, your personality becomes more individual and unique, and your personality type may change. You might also reach the stage where your closest personality type is no longer a description of you, but it is merely a part of your personal history.

Next: ESTJ and Stress

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